Joan Miró i Ferrà (April 20, 1893 – December 25, 1983) was a Spanish (Catalan) painter, sculptor, and ceramist born in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain to the family of a Goldsmith and Watchmaker. His work has been interpreted as Surrealism, a sandbox for the subconscious mind, a re-creation of the childlike, and a manifestation of Catalan pride. In numerous interviews dating from the 1930s onwards, Miró expressed contempt for conventional painting methods and his desire to "kill", "murder", or "rape" them in favor of more contemporary means of expression.
Young Miró was drawn towards the arts community that was gathering in Montparnasse and in 1920 moved to Paris. There, under the influence of the poets and writers, he developed his unique style: organic forms and flattened picture planes drawn with a sharp line. Generally thought of as a Surrealist because of his interest in automatism and the use of sexual symbols, Miró’s style was influenced in varying degrees by Surrealism and Dada¹
"I feel the need of attaining the maximum of intensity with the minimum of means. It is this which has led me to give my painting a character of even greater bareness." ~ Joan Miro
Using blue to symbolize artistic creation and spiritual purity, Spanish Surrealist Joan Miro painted “Bleu II,” part of a series of three paintings which he felt summarized his work up to that point. Rejecting conventional techniques, he used a form of freeform drawing called psychic automatism that tapped into his subconscious, creating unusual shapes, lines and colors. Although much of his symbolism represented his strong connection to the Catalan culture, it is the spontaneity and freedom of Surrealism that is popularly associated with Miro’s art.
Recommended books on Joan Miro:
Joan Miro by Rosa Maria Malet; Joan Miro: 1893-1983 (Basic Art) Taschen; Joan Miro 1917-1934: I'm Going To Smash Their Guitar, Paul Holberton Publishing; Joan Miro, Rizzoli; Joan Miro Foundation Guidebook, Skira; Joan Miro: Selected Writings and Interviews, Da Capo; Miro Lithographs (Dover Art Library) Dover Publications; Fixed Ecstasy: Joan Miró in the 1920s, Pennsylvania State University Press; Miro: Earth and Sky (Art for Children) Chelsea House Publications.
Available here are these Joan Miro posters and prints, among others: Bleu II, L'Oro dell' Azzurro, The Singing Fish, Figur Gegen Rote Sonne II, Obra de Joan Miro, Daybreak Tagesanbruch, Echelles en Roue de Feu Traversant, Ballerina, The Red Sun, Abstract, Ballerina II, Carnival of Harlequin, Paysage Catalan, L'Oisauau Plumage Deploye, The Singer, Upside-Down Figures, Kopf.